Different Types Of Treatments For Various Diseases

The etiological concept of ailments and also the methodology of therapy varies among the different systems of medicine. On the other hand, the manner of disease diagnosis (Nosological identification ) is typical for all systems. It is a simple fact that the close association between disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis prevailed in Modern medication may not be viewed in other holistic methods, however, identification is having its own importance even in other systems. The mode of therapy could be either holistic therapy, special treatment, symptomatic treatment, and general lifestyle support to the individual. Contemporary medicine gives more importance to the particular treatment, whereas, systems like Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Siddha, Unani, Chinese medicine, Naturopathy, etc. provide more importance to the holistic idea of treatment, i. e. treatment section by considering the physical, psychological and emotional characters and life circumstances of the sick individual.

However, in such systems too, disease diagnosis is every bit as important, as, under certain situations, the functioning of the affected organ or the system of the body has to be backed up. The individual also may require some particular kind of aid, for which the organ remedies are to be installed. Apart from that, disease identification is important for organizing the disease management measures, prediction, special precautions, to understand the life-threatening scenarios, prevention of spreading of the disease to other people. Identification is quite essential for statistics, research, and to fulfill academic pursuits. Above all, because of medico-legal motives, the doctor ought to be aware of the in-depth health status of his patient. Due to all these reasons, disease identification is a must, irrespective of the system of treatment given to the patient.

In case a group of particular symptoms and signs are found in an individual, it’s called syndrome (Edward syndrome, Down syndrome, Laurence-moon syndrome). Nowadays, we hardly come across a patient with a single disease, whereas most patients are using a record of ailments like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, idiopathic hypertension, acid reflux disease, senile dementia, degenerative joint disease, etc… Many ailments are classified under a particular group of disorders. For example Degenerative joint ailments, Inflammatory bowel disorders, Psychosomatic diseases, Lifestyle disorders, etc… Here, each category consists of several ailments, but are grouped due to common features such as pathological or etiological capabilities.

When a person comes to the physician for the first time, immediate disease diagnosis may not be possible due to various factors. But, considering that the presenting clinical features and history provided by the patient, the physician can come to a provisional disease identification. After doing the lab investigations, the final identification is done by correlating the clinical trials with reports. However, the treatment is not kept pending until the last diagnosis, especially in the event of life-threatening diseases such as diphtheria, whereas the treatment has to be started immediately when the disease is suspected, since, should we wait for the laboratory reports ahead of time, the individual might be critical. Some recent laboratory tests help in early identification, but the unavailability of complex labs doing such tests is a major deficiency faced by many nations.

Disease identification and curative diagnosis can be regarded as the two sides of the same coin, so, therefore, both are having equivalent importance. Disease diagnosis is carried out by correlating the signs and symptoms of these patients (clinical features) together with the information given by the bystanders along with the laboratory investigation reports. In certain conditions, there can be some problem in making a diagnosis, because, a few diseases are having nearly similar clinical features. Moreover, infrequently occurring diseases or even a newly emerged disease might not be identified easily, particularly by a general practitioner. Under these conditions, a professional’s opinion may be required. Very rarely, a group of physicians is involved in the process of diagnosis.

It is not possible to name every disease we come across in our day to day practice. By the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), a notable percentage of diseases can’t be named. In such circumstances, a diagnosis is possible despite having several health-related symptoms in the individual. Since the patient is affected, he has to be treated symptomatically. Some signs or conditions are wrongly known as ailments from the laymen. For example, clinical manifestations like jaundice, fever, vomiting, headache, malaise, etc aren’t diseases; but clinical manifestations of some diseases. The naming of ailments is done on several bases. Most of the diseases are named after the person who invented that particular disease (Buerger’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Weil’s disease), some ailments dependent on the area where the disease is not uncommon or identified for the first time (African sleeping sickness, Madhura foot, Japanese encephalitis), dependent on some peculiarity of these symptoms (Chikungunya), or the basis of the organism responsible for the disease (Falciparum malaria, Amoebic dysentery, Bacillary dysentery), or the basis of the affected organ (Myocarditis, Nephritis, Appendicitis), based on the origin (Alcoholic disease, Wool-sorter’s disease), dependent on age (Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Senile dementia), according to pathology(Mixed connective tissue disease, Mucopolyscaccharidosis), etc.. ) 

The evolution of science and technology has produced a revolution in science. Now the idea of disease diagnosis completed only according to clinical evaluation is obsolete. It’s currently under the custody of several sophisticated machines and laboratory methods, a few of them pose more risk to the health. But, the noteworthy point is, under all laboratory reports, a disclaimer is written as”correlate with clinical findings”, which highlights the importance of case taking and clinical evaluation done by the health care provider. In this era, the wherein doctor-patient relationship is disrupted, we encounter many patients stating that the physician has suddenly prescribed the medicine or referred them for laboratory tests without asking many questions and performing any type of clinical examination. Click here to know more about disease caused by asbestos.

 

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